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Choosing Your Yeast for Craft Beer

April, 20, 2018

 

By Guangxin

Yeast is important and responsible for up to 60~80% of a beer’s flavour and aroma. In fact, yeast strain is often the main difference between certain beer styles. So choosing the right yeast is the first step to brew an ideal craft beer.

Nowadays, many companies, such as Angel, have collected different strains from around the world, and made dry beer yeast successfully. It provides a lot of viable yeast cells, which is almost more than 6*109/g, and can be prepared quickly on brewing day, and can be stored for 24 months in a cool, and dry place.

The appearance of dry beer yeast provides more convenience than that of liquid yeasts, and it also brings a new confusion: How to choose the right yeast from so many products.

Simply, we could just match the name of yeast to the beer style and it works well in many case. But it is not enough for commercial brewing to do this, we’d better understanding the selection process.  

Beer yeast, a single celled microbe, belongs to the genus Saccharomyces, divided into two categories: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which is often called ale yeast, and Saccharomyces pastorianus, which is called lager yeast normally. All the yeast are classed by three main characteristics: attenuation, flocculation, and flavour profile.

1.       Attenuation

How much sugars of the wort the yeast can use during brewing? Some strains ferment more fully than others, and it means its attenuation is higher. Yeast that have an apparent attenuation of 68 to 72 percent will leave a lot of residual sweetness in the beer. An apparent attenuation of 73 to 77 percent is more typical, having a lower residual sweetness, and a higher apparent attenuation of 78 percent or more will produce a drier beer with a lighter body.

2.       Flocculation

It represents how well the yeast clumps together and drops out of beer after primary fermentation. Premature flocculation may lead an unexpected higher attenuation. It will take more time to reduce the level of VDK, and perhaps the taste of beer will change badly.

If you want to brew lagers, a high flocculation yeast is a wise choice, while a low to medium flocculation yeast is good for wheat beer or Belgian saison styles and a medium to high flocculation yeast is good for classic ale beers.

3.       Flavour Profile

What flavour they produce is the key characteristics of yeast, such as spicy, fruity, estery flavours , flower fragrance, and so on.

Do you want a little bit of fruity esters? Try an ale yeast stain that is comfortable fermenting at relatively cool temperatures. Do you want a lot of fruity esters? Probably, try an English ale yeast or Belgian ale yeast that prefer warmer temperature and produce more esters.

Here is some tips for you to choose your yeast.

YESAT

FLAVOUR

Belgian Ale Yeast

Spicy, ester flavour

German Weizen Yeast

Banana, clove spiciness

American Ale Yeast

Clean, very little yeast flavour, allowing the hops and malt characters to shine 

English Ale Yeast

Fruity, apple, pear

Lager Yeast

Clean, malty

 

Think about the style of the beer you plan to brew. Is it a toasty, malty beer with some touches of fruity esters and some residual sweetness? Or is it a drier, crisper beer with a significant bitter edge and no esters? Or is it a complex medley of dried fruit and spicy, warm alcohol? These stylistic aspects tell you the kind of yeast you should be selecting.

About Angel Distilled spirits and Biofuels

Angel can provide brewing yeasts, ingredients and related technical services for the production of wine, beer, and other brewing liquor. All our products are natural, safe, and of high quality. With the current energy shortages around the world, the production of fuel ethanol through yeast fermentation has become an inevitable trend.

About Angel:

Angel Yeast Company is a high-tech listed company specializing in yeast and biotech. Product business covers Yeast and Baking, Yeast Extract-Savoury, Nutrition & Health and Biotechnology fields. It is one of the world's leading companies in the yeast industry. Angel has 12 holding subsidiaries and provides products and services for more than 150 countries and regions.

 

Press contact:
ANGEL YEAST CO.,LTD
Address: 168 Chengdong Avenue, Yichang, Hubei 443003, P. R.China
Tel:    +86 717 6353619
Email: ethanol@angelyeast.com

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